ADHD executive function wheel - Phil Dinkwater

Find out how your ADHD executive function challenges impact you

ADHD Executive Challenges Function Wheel

ADHD people experience challenges with 12 key executive functions within work and their businesses.

However, we all experience them in different ways and amounts. 

The executive function wheel is designed to allow you to build self-awareness about your ADHD and the challenges you uniquely face in life and work.

You can fill out the Wheel for yourself by noticing the level of your unique challenges using the free workbook, which will lead you through a process.

Challenges explained

Planning / prioritising

Difficulty in putting together the steps that would be required to complete a project, or to decide what’s most important. Related to future planning.

Task initiation

Difficulty in getting started with new tasks or projects, often directly equated to procrastination.


Frequently losing important documents or information, or forgetting that it exists and that you’ve worked on it.

Attention / focus

Challenges with maintaining focus on tasks that are important, or in taking in information or in listening to others as they’re talking. Typically challenging when you’re not interested in a subject.

Stress tolerance

Difficulty with handling stressful or complex emotions that arise from challenging situations within your life and business.

Time management

Using your time ineffectively, struggling with time perfection, estimating the time taken to complete tasks, adhering to schedules and moving between tasks. Related mainly to tasks that you’re in the middle of.

Goal-direction action

Struggling with creating and following the steps taken to lead you to a goal which is in the (distant) future.

Impulse control

Choosing not to take actions that might not be effective – unable to delaying gratification. Usually you’re seeking some stimulation from the task you’re struggling with.

Emotional control

Difficulty with handling and subduing your emotions to a level where the don’t negatively impact your life and business.

Flexible thinking

Allowing yourself, and being able, to think outside of the box, rather than just choosing between a few options (black & white thinking).

Working memory

Finding it difficult to remember all of the elements which you’d like to be able to recall in the short term.


Finding difficulty in reflecting on your own behaviour; lacking self-awareness.